An important part in a software development is the software testing. This phase ensures that the software products are working according to the user requirements.

Test automation is the practice of running tests automatically, managing test data, and utilizing results to improve software quality.

Why Test Automation?

Test Automation is the best way to increase the effectiveness, test coverage, and execution speed in software testing. Automated software testing is important due to Some Reasons.

Automated Testing Process Steps

steps that followed an Automation Process in brief

Framework for Automation

There are four types of frameworks used in automation software testing:

  1. Data Driven Automation Framework
  2. Keyword Driven Automation Framework
  3. Modular Automation Framework
  4. Hybrid Automation Framework

Benefits of Automation Testing

Following are benefits of automated testing:

  • 70% faster than the manual testing
  • Wider test coverage of application features
  • Reliable in results
  • Ensure Consistency
  • Saves Time and Cost
  • Improves accuracy
  • Human Intervention is not required while execution
  • Increases Efficiency
  • Better speed in executing tests
  • Re-usable test scripts
  • Test Frequently and thoroughly
  • More cycle of execution can be achieved through automation
  • Early time to market

Types of Automated Testing

  • Smoke Testing
  • Unit Testing
  • Integration Testing
  • Functional Testing
  • Keyword Testing
  • Regression Testing
  • Data Driven Testing
  • Black Box Testing

How to Choose an Automation Tool?

Selecting the right tool can be a tricky task. Following criterion will help you select the best tool for your requirement-

  • Environment Support
  • Ease of use
  • Testing of Database
  • Object identification
  • Image Testing
  • Error Recovery Testing
  • Object Mapping
  • Scripting Language Used
  • Support for various types of test — including functional, test management, mobile, etc…
  • Support for multiple testing frameworks
  • Easy to debug the automation software scripts
  • Ability to recognize objects in any environment
  • Extensive test reports and results
  • Minimize training cost of selected tools

Tool selection is one of biggest challenges to be tackled before going for automation. First, Identify the requirements, explore various tools and its capabilities, set the expectation from the tool and go for a Proof Of Concept.

Automation Testing Tools

There are tons of Functional and Regression Testing Tools available in the market. Here are best tools certified by experts.

I choose one of best tool to bring you an idea and It’s

Selenium

Selenium is a free (open-source) automated testing framework used to validate web applications across different browsers and platforms. You can use multiple programming languages like Java, C#, Python etc to create Selenium Test Scripts.

Selenium Software is not just a single tool but a suite of software, each piece catering to different Selenium QA testing needs of an organization. Here is the list of tools

  • Selenium Integrated Development Environment (IDE)
  • Selenium Remote Control (RC)
  • WebDriver
  • Selenium Grid

Pros and Cons of Selenium

The right selection of automation tool, testing process, and team, are important players for automation to be successful. Manual and automation methods go hand-in-hand for successful testing.

Hope you got an idea about Test Automation.

Thankyou.

BSc.(Hons) Software Engineering Undergraduate | University Of Kelaniya. ( https://science.kln.ac.lk/tunits/setu/)